First look up the scriptures that give the rules for the passover and the Feast days following. These are the minimum basic verses.
Exodus Ch.12:v3 "Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month (Abib now Nisan) each man is to take a lamb for his family, one for each household"
v6: "Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month, when all the people of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight.
Exodus Ch.12 v1 to 20, the passover and Unleavened Bread event, and verse 46, Do not break any of the bones. So Jesus didn't have his legs broken, but the other two did.
v14: "This is a day you are to commemorate; for the generations to come you shall commemorate it as a festival to the Lord - a lasting ordinance.
v15: "For seven days you are to eat bread made without yeast. On the first day remove the yeast from your houses, for whoever eats anything with yeast in it from the first day to the seventh must be cut off from Israel."
v17: Celebrate the Feast of Unleavened Bread, because it was on this very day that I brought your divisions out of Egypt.
Exodus v29: "At midnight the Lord struck down all the firstborn in Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh, who sat on the throne, to the firstborn of the prisoner, who was in the dungeon, and the firstborn of all the livestock as well."
v39: "With the dough they had brought from Egypt, they baked cakes of unleavened bread. . . ."
Jesus said: "The Son of Man is going to be betrayed into the hands of men. The Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders, chief priests and teachers of the law, and he must be killed and on the third day be raised to life." Luke Ch9 v44, v22.
Matthew 12:40 For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of a huge fish, so the Son of Man will be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth."
Matthew 21:9 The crowds that went ahead of him and those that followed shouted, "Hosanna to the Son of David!" "Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!" Chosen by acclamation on the 10th.
If we accept that Jesus was accepted as our lamb, by acclamation on Palm Sunday, then that was the tenth of the month. Therefore he had to be crucified on the 14th which is Thursday. The Jewish days start at Sunset, so Wednesday 13th ended at sunset and Jesus celebrated Passover, on the day of his death, 14th, ( Mark Ch.14:v17 "When evening came Jesus arrived with the twelve." this was the start of the 14th before being arrested in the Garden. He was placed in the tomb before sunset that day, nearly 24 hours after he celebrated Passover. The Sabbath of Unleavened Bread started straight away at sunset of Thursday, being Friday night, then daytime to sunset, and sunset starts Saturday night a normal Sabbath, through to sunset starting Sunday night, then arising Sunday morning. Due to Passover, Saturday is also Feast of First Fruits, Jesus being the first fruit. Sunday night in the tomb, then arise at sunrise, Sunday.
This gives three nights in the tomb, and rise on the third day, Sunday morning before or as Mary arrived if rolling the stone away was the moment of his resurrection. If Sunday is accepted as the day Jesus arose then that is the third day, so he could not have been crucified on Friday, as that would be only two days, nor on Wednesday as it would be four days. Some people try to make crucifixion on Friday by switching to Roman days, midnight to midnight to sneak an extra day to count three, but God works by his rules, not Roman, and it works just fine in Jewish days, with no sleight of hand to fiddle the extra day. If Jesus was crucified on Friday that would be the 14th, then the tenth was Monday, so choosing someone on Sunday the ninth means he was not our Saviour, we would excluded from Heaven, as God means what he said:- choose on the tenth.
Those who claim a Wednesday (14th) crucifixion have a problem in that the 10th was Saturday Sabbath and people cut and waved branches, that is work and prohibited, and there would be a record of a riot on the Sabbath, and choosing on Sunday the 11th would also disqualify him from being the Messiah, you would have no redemption. God does it by the Book! Precisely! This was all planned before creating the solar system and organising the galaxies for the alignment that will occur at various times and again in September 2017. From the start Jesus knew on which day he would be crucified and watched it pass for four thousand years.
From a Messianic Jew:-
I also believe Yeshua was crucified Nisan 14, which in the year 30 AD was a Wednesday (which fits well with the Talmud description that the lot on Yom Kippur always fell on left for 40 straight years before the destruction of the temple: "Our rabbis taught: During the last forty years before the destruction of the Temple the lot ['For the Lord'] did not come up in the right hand; nor did the crimson-colored strap become white; nor did the western most light shine; and the doors of the Hekel [Temple] would open by themselves" (Soncino version, Yoma 39b).
The Talmud passage indicates that the year of the crucifixion was 30 AD because the cloth tied to the Yom Kippur goat no longer turned white indicating that there was now another way - Yeshua is now providing forgiveness for sins, not the sacrifice.
On the afternoon that Jesus was crucified the Temple sacrifice would continue as normal. The strap would change color, the light would shine and doors would open as they normally did for the ceremony because Jesus was not in full authority due to his death, as a human, and had not received his power yet. As a dead human he would not have any authority over the Temple proceedings, so must wait until after his resurrection, to receive his power.
By the time Jesus rose from his death the ceremony was well and truly over. It was not until he arose, and returned to his father, that Jesus was in full authority, bringing forgiveness of sins, and grace, so it was the next year, the year after the crucifixion, that the strap did not change color, because from the beginning of that year, after Jesus went to heaven, Jesus had been forgiving and giving release from sins. From this calculation it would seem that Jesus was crucified in the year 29. David Pawson had researched and found that in 29AD when Jesus was 33 years old the Passover ( meaning the day before the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the day the lambs are killed) was on Thursday.
It is convenient to celebrate the crucifixion on Friday, but it should be taught that it was actually on Thursday otherwise many will assume that the Bible is inaccurate as Friday doesn't give three nights and days and they won't research to find out the truth, that the Roman Catholic, or other Churchs chose a convenient day.
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