Events of Last Supper, Passover, Unleavened Bread, It all fits neatly!

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Events of Last Supper, Passover, Unleavened Bread, It all fits neatly!

An explanation of how the events dovetail together about the crucifixion of Jesus.

To me it always seemed confusing, so I gathered the details to see how it fitted. When did Jesus enter Jerusalem, (Palm Sunday), when was the Last Supper, and on what day was he crucified, which three nights did he spend in the earth. On which day did he rise? It all fits neatly, tightly hemmed in by the Torah, Old Testament, rules and Feast's requirements. There is no other option!
Why do some worship on Saturday and some on Sunday?  Answer at conclusion.

Brief over-view:
Jesus said: "The Son of Man is going to be betrayed into the hands of men."    "The Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders, chief priests and teachers of the law, and he must be killed and on the third day be raised to life." Luke Ch9 v44, v22.
God decreed this would be done, not the Jews, nor the Romans, because the Law cannot forgive sins.

Starting at:- Genesis Ch:1 v5; "And there was evening and there was morning the first day."
                     v8; "And there was evening and there was morning the second day."

Continuing at John Ch:11.

He had probably raised Lazarus from the dead, quite recently John Ch11:38-44, upsetting the Pharisees, Ch:11: v 47 to 53. Because of their hostility Jesus then stayed at Ephraim, v54.

Continuing at John Ch.12:1. Six days before Passover, which is on the 14th, Jesus arrived at Bethany. He probably arrived early afternoon, it was before sunset on the 8th. of Nisan. The sun set, and the evening and the morning were the 9th. the normal Sabbath, Friday evening to Saturday evening, and a dinner was held in Jesus' honour, Jn 12:2, and he was anointed v3. During the morning a large crowd came, v9, they were free to do so because you can't work on the Sabbath, and many were visiting for the Feasts.

John 12:12, The day after the Sabbath, now the 10th, (the day you choose the lamb, Exodus Ch12v3) in the morning, a great crowd that had come for the feast (Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread) heard that Jesus was on his way into Jerusalem, they took palm branches and went to meet him, and chose Jesus by acclimation, v13 to 15, and again upsetting the Pharisees, v19. The Chief Priests and Pharisees weren't going to kill Jesus on a Sabbath, because that might entail work, which is forbidden. Nor did they want to kill Jesus or create a ruckus while there were so many in Jerusalem for Passover, the Feast of Unleavened Bread and the Feast of First Fruits.
Jesus prompted the timing when he identified Judas as the one who would betray him. John 13:26-27,

The Passover is on the 14th of Nisan, the first month of the Jewish Calendar, ( they have several Calendars) occurring in the early spring during March or April, the northern spring. This means that you can get lambs, rather than sheep, Exodus 12v 5: "it must be a year old male from the sheep or goats", and they have just turned 1 year old. If your family is too small, share with others nearby, so you are still personally connected with the live lamb as a pet. It is never that the lamb is too small, because Jesus' power is never too small.

The Passover Lamb is chosen on the 10th of Nisan, Exodus Ch12v3, and kept by the family so as to be well acquainted with it, since it is to protect them from the destroying Angel, (only on one night, when they were in Egypt, but figuratively now). This would be the day that Jesus rode into Jerusalem on the donkey and/or it's colt, showing that, with the crowd welcoming Him, that He was the chosen Passover Lamb. Palm Sunday.

The Lamb is to be killed on the 14th. of Nisan, at 3pm, as it has to be prepared before the 15th. Nisan which is the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which starts at Sunset, and work is forbidden. Do not break any bones, "Exodus 12, v46". Because most people would be preparing for the week long festival or are just arriving in Jerusalem, most would have missed what was going on as the Pharisees had Jesus condemned by the Romans. It is very easy to hear inexplicable stories and to think I am too busy today, but I will go and find out more tomorrow.

In a recording of David Pawson, (renowned Bible teacher), entitled "Resurrection The heart of Christianity" though he mistakenly says the crucifixion was a Wednesday, which makes Palm Sunday a Saturday Sabbath, so you can't cut and wave branches, he had researched and found that in 29AD when Jesus was 33 years old the Passover was on Thursday. This confirms the paragraph above, that the 14th was Thursday, so Palm Sunday was the 10th, when the lamb had to be chosen.

To keep to the Roman procedures the crucifixion took place at 9am in the morning, which is also the time of the morning sacrifice, in this case the 5th day of the week the 14th in the Jewish calendar. Had it not been for the Jews requesting that they be removed from the crosses before sunset, as that started the Special Sabbath of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, they could have been in agony for several days. However Jesus was already dead, as otherwise he would have had his legs broken, but God had foretold that no bones would be broken, "Exodus 12, v46", the other two had their legs broken, and suffocated. The Jews killed the lambs before sunset, but the Romans killed Jesus, except that Jesus gave up his life, and would take it up again on the third day, as planed, 4000 years beforehand. (See patriarchs for the earliest prophesy)

The first and last days of the Feast of Unleavened Bread are Special Sabbaths, and in this year the 15th of Nisan fell on Friday from sunset to sunset on Saturday, in our way of thinking, but to Jews it is the 6th. day, from sunset to end at sunset that starts the 7th. day, or the normal Sabbath, to us that is Friday night to Saturday night. Work is not allowed. The lambs for the Passover must be prepared and killed at the time of the evening sacrifice, usually about 3pm, the ninth hour, before sunset on the 14th. Nisan.

This is too confusing if comparing it in non-Jewish days of the week, ie midnight to midnight (and it keeps confusing me as I am a midnight to midnight person). The Jews only name the SABBATH, the other days are No. 1 to 6, in ancient times. Days end at sunset so I have labeled each day Evening, Morning, Sunset.

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October 2011, Jan18.  Email
The Triumphal events of Last Supper, Passover, Unleavened Bread, First Fruits, LIFE !
Nisan, the first month of the Jewish Calendar. Formerly the Month of Abib.
9th 10th 11th 12th13th14th15th16th 17th
Normal Sabbath
Started at sunset Friday.
Jesus at Bethany
John Ch12:1
Genesis Ch1v3 Evening & morning
the first day
Jesus Entered Jerusalem as a Lamb selected for sacrifice by public acclimation 1Peter1:18-25
Palm Sunday

Mat 21:4-11 Ex:12v3
2nd day Teaching
Mark12&13 Luke 20, Matthew 21:12-17 etc Jn12:44-48, 1Peter1:18-25
The Bible is accurate.
3rd day Interrogated in Temple
Luke 19v45 through 20v40 1Peter2:21-25
Mk14v1-5 anointed with perfume
In Temple found faultless Luke 20,v40
Passover evening starts at sunset. Tomorrow is the Preparation Day, of food for the Sabbath of 15th.
Celebrate Last Supper & Passover washed feet Jn13:2-5 Mat26:20 Mk14:17 Exodus 12:6 Taken prisoner. Tried 5x Crucified. 9am - 3pm. Jn19:31-37
In tomb before sunset
Sabbath of Unleavened Bread. Started at sunset of 14th.
Exodus 12:15
Do no work. Gen12v15 NO yeast/leaven
First night & then the first day in tomb
Feast of
First Fruits Deuteronomy 26:1-10. Leviticus 23:9-14.
Also Normal Sabbath

Second night & then day in tomb
Third night then
Jesus arose in the morning,
he is First Fruit
After three nights and days in the tomb. Luke Ch18:33
Evening Morning
till Sunset.
Evening Morning
till Sunset.
Evening Morning
till Sunset.
Evening Morning
till Sunset.
Evening Morning
till Sunset.
Evening Morning
till Sunset.
Evening Morning
till Sunset.
Evening Morning
till Sunset.
Evening Morning
till Sunset.
Saturday Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday

Four days of Jesus' life,       and death:       and       life again!
Jewish days start at sunset,      night     morning,     afternoon,      to  sunset.    Genesis Ch.1v 5 & 8 etc.
Thursday 14th Nisan Friday 15th Saturday 16th Sunday 17th
morning sunset night morning sunset night morning sunset night morning sunset
Last Supper
in garden
Died 3pm
In the
Sunset starts
Sabbath of
Unleavened bread
(do no work)
1st night, 1st day
in the tomb
Normal Sabbath
starts at
sunset of Friday.
Is also Feast of
First Fruits.
Jesus is First Fruit.
2nd night, 2nd day
in the tomb
in the
Arose alive
by the time
Mary came
"third day".
Lk 24v1-8
Walking to
This is explained further with Bible references at

+ The 16th. of Nisan is the feast of first fruits, the day after the Sabbath, of the Feast of Unleaven Bread. Leviticus 23:11 "the priest is to wave it on the day after that Sabbath" of Unleaven Bread, seldom the normal Friday Saturday Sabbath, and in Leviticus 23:15 " From the day you brought the sheaf of the wave offering count of seven full weeks. Count off fifty days up to the day after the seventh Sabbath". This is the Feast of Weeks, up to Pentecost, 50 days, depending on which day of the week the 16th falls on. There are first fruits in a basket, Deuteronomy 26 v2, when entering the Land.

The Passover is downplayed and almost ignored even though it sets the rules for Jesus' crucifixion, and First Fruits is also not mentioned very much, even though Jesus is the first raised from the dead, I think this is because Jesus doesn't "blow his own trumpet" he is not promoting himself, he is only for those who want to find him, he won't force himself on anyone. It was a "Triumphal event" because of Satan's holds over you which are the threat of punishment for your "sins" or faults and the threat of continuous eternal death. But in demonstrating God's power over death Jesus has broken the hold that Satan had, having paid for your sins, and you are now free of death, as you know that you just pass into God's hands to live forever in Heaven, if you have accepted, and still hold until the end, Jesus as Lord, [you must have actually told Jesus he is your Lord, don't just assume it is understood because you attend a church, even atheists attend because it gives a nice feeling]. Jesus has paid for your sins, past, present and future, as a gift because all your righteousness is as filthy rags, so respect him and try to not sin.

There is absolutely nothing you can do towards salvation, so do not insult Jesus by doing something that you consider may improve your righteousness and the right to enter heaven, that is your pride, a deadly sin, wanting to feel that you helped, [pride is the sin of Satan] it is an insult to Jesus to infer that what he did on the cross was not enough, and that you have to makeup the shortfall in righteousness. Once you are "saved" you are to do things that will draw others to Christ, these count, but not towards you salvation. You no longer have to worry about death, just the passing through it. "and free those who all their lives were held in slavery by their fear of death" Hebrews 2v15 (Suicide is not an option as God may see it as rejection, so don't take the risk).

From year to year the 14th falls on various days, it is only when the 14th falls on the Thursday (Sunset Wednesday to sunset Thursday afternoon, sunset to sunset) that it fulfills the requirements for the execution and the three nights in the tomb. The tradition that it was on Friday cannot be supported from the Bible. While it is convenient to have it on a Friday, I feel strongly that it should be taught that it was Thursday, but still celebrate it on the Friday, otherwise it leaves many with the feeling that the Bible cannot be trusted as it clearly states three nights but tradition gives only two nights in the tomb, and many will not bother to seek the truth.

To confirm the above table read the following descriptions of what did happen at the time of the Exodus
Exodus Ch.12 v1 to 20, the passover and Unleavened Bread event, and verse 46, Do not break any of the bones. So Jesus didn't have his legs broken, but the other two did.
Then read prophecies of what would happen at some time in the future, at the time of writing, which was fulfilled by Jesus.
Zechariah Ch.9,v9. The entry into Jerusalem. Verses before and after are to be fulfilled when Jesus returns.
Leviticus Ch. 23. v 4 to 8, the Passover and Unleavened Bread. Remember that the day starts at sunset, so twilight is the first few hours of the day. That is the way God words it in Genesis Ch. 1. evening and morning.
Numbers Ch9: v1-11; v2 "Make the Israelites celebrate the Passover at the appionted time. Celebrate it at the appointed time, at twilight on the fourteenth day of this month, in accordance with all its rules and regulations".
(Note: Jesus celebrated at this time, just after sunset, the Last Supper, but the lambs are not killed until about twenty hours later. Thus most would be eating the lambs in late afternoon of the fourteenth, Genesis 12:8;, and in the evening and night of the fifteenth. Remains must be burnt up in the morning of the fifteenth. {It's sacred, representing Jesus, and must not be scavenged}. Exodus Ch12:10).
Isaiah Ch.52 from verse 13 to the end of Ch.53. Describes what happened to Jesus, on the cross.
Psalm 22 v1&2 and 14 to 18, as a minimum. Describes Jesus on the cross.
Zechariah Ch.11,v12 and 13 the price Judas agreed to in Matthew Ch.26, v14, 15 and 16.
Zechariah Ch12 describes what is about to happen as the nations gather against Israel, as surrounding nations are obviously doing in this present day, even the most distant as the USA is trying to divide the land. The Jews have yet to recognise their Messiah, as in verse 10 "They will look to me, the one they have pieced".

Brief overview of the events, from a selection of texts. I used the least number of verses, so read the Bible for the full account.

Triumphal entry to Jerusalem, on the tenth.

Luke 19:29 As he approached Bethphage and Bethany at the hill called the Mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples, saying to them,
Luke 19:30 "Go to the village ahead of you, and as you enter it, you will find a colt tied there, which no one has ever ridden. Untie it and bring it here.
Luke 19:35 They brought it to Jesus, threw their cloaks on the colt and put Jesus on it.
Luke 19:36 As he went along, people spread their cloaks on the road.
Matthew 21:9 The crowds that went ahead of him and those that followed shouted, "Hosanna to the Son of David!" "Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!" "Hosanna in the highest!"
Luke 19:37 When he came near the place where the road goes down the Mount of Olives, the whole crowd of disciples began joyfully to praise God in loud voices for all the miracles they had seen:
Luke 19:38 "Blessed is the king who comes in the name of the Lord!" "Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!"
Luke 19:39 Some of the Pharisees in the crowd said to Jesus, "Teacher, rebuke your disciples!"
Luke 19:40 "I tell you," he replied, "if they keep quiet, the stones will cry out."

Mark 14:1 Now the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread were only two days away, and the chief priests and the teachers of the law were looking for some sly way to arrest Jesus and kill him.
Mark 14:2 "But not during the Feast," they said, "or the people may riot."

The Lamb chosen on the 10th Nisan must be inspected to make sure it has no fault or blemish. This was done in the Temple as the Scribes and Pharisees questioned Jesus and tried to find fault with Him.

From Luke 19:48 Jesus entered the Temple, through to 20:26 The teachers of the Law and the chief Priests had been questioning Jesus but "they became silent" v26, as they could not find fault with Him. Then Luke 20v27 through to v40 the Sadducees tried him but in v:40 " and no one dared to ask Him any more questions". Jesus had been interrogated and NO FAULT was found, so as the Lamb of God he was inspected and found faultless.

Mark. Ch:15-42 it was preparation Day, the day before the Unleavened Bread Sabbath.
Mark 14:12 On the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, when it was customary to sacrifice the Passover lamb, Jesus' disciples asked him, "Where do you want us to go and make preparations for you to eat the Passover?"

They were living in a Greek speaking culture, under Roman law, so the days may have been spoken of as we do, midnight to midnight, and using the Roman names. Also Mark 14:12 confuses the Passover, and the seven day Feast of Unleavened Bread, combining them as an eight day feast, as is the usual today. The "preparations for Jesus to eat the Passover", would be arranged during the 13th, which ends at sunset, enabling Jesus on the 14th. Nisan just after sunset, to celebrate His own death, which He knew would be 19 to 21 hours later the same day. As the instructions to celebrate the Passover Numbers 28:16" on the fourteenth day of the first month the Lords Passover is to be held" did not specify a time, except Numbers 9:3 "Celebrate at Twilight", (also read v13 "I will see the blood and pass over you") Jesus did celebrate at the start of the 14th just after sunset of the 13th on the evening of the 14th of Nisan, Numbers Ch;9:3, which Jesus did, though the lambs were not slaughtered until 3pm. You can't eat the lambs until they are slaughtered at 3pm, so they would be eaten in late afternoon and the evening of the 15th, which starts at sunset, during the Feast of Unleavened Bread, night before day, and not to leave any till morning.

In Exodus Ch12: v 6-10: v6:"Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month, when all the people of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight. v7: Then they are to take some of the blood and put it on the sides and tops of the door-frames of the houses where they eat the lambs. v8: that same night they are to eat the meat roasted over the fire, along with bitter herbs, and bread made without yeast. v9; Do not eat the meat raw or cooked in water, but roast it over the fire - head, legs and inner parts. v10: Do not leave any of it till morning: if some is left till morning, you must burn it."
So this night is actually the 15th, after sunset, while you eat the meat and the Angel of Death passes over you. You must not leave scraps around for scavengers, and you will be busy packing up and leaving Egypt in such a hurry you won't have put yeast in the dough. These instructions were given before the tenth, warning the people to make ready, and to pack ready to depart. The event starts at v29 to v36.

"Preparation day" (actually Passover day) was considered to be mainly for preparing food for the Feast of Unleavened Bread, Passover is almost overlooked. The Feast of Unleavened Bread starts following sunset on the fourteenth after which work is prohibited, but preparing food was allowed. Also there must not be any leaven in the house, so much fuss is made in getting rid of it, as this is part of teaching the next generation that the Sabbath of Unleavened Bread is very important. The Jews might want to ignore Passover as it has an unpleasant overtone, killing their Messiah, but it was God who decided on this plan, to bring in a new Covenant, and decreed that it happen. The Jews could not avoid it, as prophesies had been given based on the outcome of this event.

The Last Supper
The sun set on Wednesday so this is on the 14th, Thursday, in Jewish time, or Wednesday night in midnight to midnight Roman days. Mark 14:17 When evening came, Jesus arrived with the Twelve, ( just after sunset, so this is now the 14th).
Mark 14:22 While they were eating, Jesus took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to his disciples, saying, "Take it; this is my body."
Mark 14:23 Then he took the cup, gave thanks and offered it to them, and they all drank from it
Mark 14:24 "This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many," he said to them.
Mark 14:25 "I tell you the truth, I will not drink again of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it anew in the kingdom of God."

Mount of Olives.
Mark 14:26 When they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.
Mark 14:27 "You will all fall away," Jesus told them, "for it is written: "'I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered.'
Mark 14:28 But after I have risen, I will go ahead of you into Galilee."

Mark 14:41 Returning the third time, he said to them, "Are you still sleeping and resting? Enough! The hour has come. Look, the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.
Mark 14:42 Rise! Let us go! Here comes my betrayer!"
Mark 14:43 Just as he was speaking, Judas, one of the Twelve, appeared. With him was a crowd armed with swords and clubs, sent from the chief priests, the teachers of the law, and the elders.
Mark 14:44 Now the betrayer had arranged a signal with them: "The one I kiss is the man; arrest him and lead him away under guard."
Mark 14:45 Going at once to Jesus, Judas said, "Rabbi!" and kissed him. (note that Judas regarded Jesus only as a teacher, Rabbi, in spite of seeing miracles. This was probably true of the eleven, they may have felt they were being taught how to do miracles by human power, as the Spirit had not been fully given, though they had been doing miracles).
John 18:4 Jesus, knowing all that was going to happen to him, went out and asked them, "Who is it you want?"
John 18:5 "Jesus of Nazareth," they replied. "I am+ he," Jesus said. (And Judas the traitor was standing there with them.)
John 18:6 When Jesus said, "I am + he," they drew back and fell to the ground.
John 18:7 Again he asked them, "Who is it you want?" And they said, "Jesus of Nazareth."
John 18:8 "I told you that I am + he," Jesus answered. "If you are looking for me, then let these men go." (NIV)
+ 'he' is not in the original, ( KJV has it in italics, NIV doesn't ) so he is calling himself by the name of God, the great "I AM", because He is.    Who do you think was in charge of the situation?

John 18:12 Then the detachment of soldiers with its commander and the Jewish officials arrested Jesus. They bound him
John 18:13 and brought him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that year.
John 18:14 Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jews that it would be good if one man died for the people.
John 18:19 Meanwhile, the high priest (Annas) questioned Jesus about his disciples and his teaching.

This was the first illegal trial, because it was during the night, and he wasn't given time to organise any defence, But He didn't want defence as He had to die that day.
Annas was the ritually appointed High Priest from 6AD to 15AD when he was deposed by Gratus, Pilate's predecessor, who appointed Caiaphas. The Jews still honoured Annas as the ritually appointed High Priest, so in some accounts there seems to be two High Priests. Probably if it is a religious matter go to Annas, if political go to Caiaphas. It also explains some of Caiaphas' hard attitude Jn:11.v50 "Do you not realise that it is better that one man die for the people than that the whole nation perish."

John 18:24 Then Annas sent him, still bound, to Caiaphas the high priest.
Mark 14:53 They took Jesus to the high priest, and all the chief priests, elders and teachers of the law came together.
Matthew 26:59 The chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin were looking for false evidence against Jesus so that they could put him to death.
Matthew 26:63 But Jesus remained silent. The high priest said to him, "I charge you under oath by the living God: Tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God."
Matthew 26:64 "Yes, it is as you say," Jesus replied. "But I say to all of you: In the future you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Mighty One and coming on the clouds of heaven."
Matthew 26:65 Then the high priest tore his clothes and said, "He has spoken blasphemy! Why do we need any more witnesses? Look, now you have heard the blasphemy.
Matthew 26:66 What do you think?" "He is worthy of death," they answered.

This is the second illegal trial, guilty because he spoke the truth of an event which is still in the future. Note also the High Priest must not tear his clothes. Leviticus Ch 21 v 10. Does this annul the priesthood, transferring the priesthood authority to Jesus who is now our High Priest?

John 18:28 Then the Jews led Jesus from Caiaphas to the palace of the Roman governor. By now it was early morning, and to avoid ceremonial uncleanness the Jews did not enter the palace; they wanted to be able to eat the Passover.
Luke 23:3 So Pilate asked Jesus, "Are you the king of the Jews?" "Yes, it is as you say," Jesus replied.
Luke 23:4 Then Pilate announced to the chief priests and the crowd, "I find no basis for a charge against this man."
Luke 23:5 But they insisted, "He stirs up the people all over Judea by his teaching. He started in Galilee and has come all the way here."
Luke 23:6 On hearing this, Pilate asked if the man was a Galilean.
Luke 23:7 When he learned that Jesus was under Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem at that time.

The third trial, and still no evidence!

Luke 23:8 When Herod saw Jesus, he was greatly pleased, because for a long time he had been wanting to see him. From what he had heard about him, he hoped to see him perform some miracle.
Luke 23:9 He plied him with many questions, but Jesus gave him no answer.
Luke 23:10 The chief priests and the teachers of the law were standing there, vehemently accusing him.
Luke 23:11 Then Herod and his soldiers ridiculed and mocked him. Dressing him in an elegant robe, they sent him back to Pilate.
The forth trial, and still no evidence!

Luke 23:12 That day Herod and Pilate became friends--before this they had been enemies.
Luke 23:13 Pilate called together the chief priests, the rulers and the people,
Luke 23:14 and said to them, "You brought me this man as one who was inciting the people to rebellion. I have examined him in your presence and have found no basis for your charges against him.
Luke 23:15 Neither has Herod, for he sent him back to us; as you can see, he has done nothing to deserve death.
Luke 23:16 Therefore, I will punish him and then release him."
John 18:33 Pilate then went back inside the palace, summoned Jesus and asked him, "Are you the king of the Jews?"
John 18:36 Jesus said, "My kingdom is not of this world. If it were, my servants would fight to prevent my arrest by the Jews. But now my kingdom is from another place."
John 18:37 "You are a king, then!" said Pilate. Jesus answered, "You are right in saying I am a king. In fact, for this reason I was born, and for this I came into the world, to testify to the truth. Everyone on the side of truth listens to me."
John 18:38 "What is truth?" Pilate asked. With this he went out again to the Jews and said, "I find no basis for a charge against him.
John 19:14 It was the day of Preparation of Passover Week, about the sixth hour. "Here is your king," Pilate said to the Jews.
John 19:16 Finally Pilate handed him over to them to be crucified. So the soldiers took charge of Jesus.

The completion of the fifth trial if you count Pilate twice! Why didn't Pilate just put Jesus in prison, since he had realised the Jews were doing this out of spite or envy? ( Mark Ch.15 v 10] He could have put it off until after the Feast. But Gods plan had to be followed. Even Pilate's wife had warned him.

Matthew 27:18 For he knew it was out of envy that they had handed Jesus over to him.
Matthew 27:19 While Pilate was sitting on the judge's seat, his wife sent him this message: "Don't have anything to do with that innocent man, for I have suffered a great deal today in a dream because of him." (NIV)   Woman's intuition or the Holy Spirit?

John 19:17 Carrying his own cross, he went out to the place of the Skull (which in Aramaic is called Golgotha).
John 19:18 Here they crucified him, and with him two others--one on each side and Jesus in the middle.
John 19:19 Pilate had a notice prepared and fastened to the cross. (An acrostic in Aramaic).

English translation of the possible wording of the sign, from "Destined to Reign".
The sign: The translation: The acrostic
Yeshua - Jesus
HaNazarei - of Nazareth
Vemelekh - The King
HaYhudim - of the Jews.
Yud Hei Vav Hei
The name of G-d.

             The Hebrew name of G-d: Read right to left.
               Hebrew text for name of G-D. 
read right to left.

An interpretation of the name of G-d from Destined to Reign. Hei in Hebrew has the picture of a window, looking out at something, they don't know what. They are under the Law, but Grace came by Jesus Christ. There are a number of places in the Bible that indicate that 5, Hei, is the number of grace. Most dictionaries give Yud as closed hand, but the nails were above the wrist between the bones.

John 19:20 Many of the Jews read this sign, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and the sign was written in Aramaic, Latin and Greek.
John 19:21 The chief priests of the Jews protested to Pilate, "Do not write 'The King of the Jews,' but that this man claimed to be king of the Jews."
John 19:22 Pilate answered, "What I have written, I have written."(NIV)

John 19:28 Later, knowing that all was now completed, and so that the Scripture would be fulfilled, Jesus said, "I am thirsty."
John 19:30 When he had received the drink, Jesus said, "It is finished." With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.
John 19:31 Now it was the day of Preparation, and the next day was to be a Special Sabbath. (of Unleavened Bread) Because the Jews did not want the bodies left on the crosses during the Special Sabbath, they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down (would not for an ordinary Sabbath).
John 19:33 But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs.
John 19:34 Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus' side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water.
John 19:36 These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled: "Not one of his bones will be broken,"
John 19:37 and, as another scripture says, "They will look on the one they have pierced."

John 19:38 Later, Joseph of Arimathea asked Pilate for the body of Jesus. Now Joseph was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly because he feared the Jews. With Pilate's permission, he came and took the body away.
John 19:39 He was accompanied by Nicodemus, the man who earlier had visited Jesus at night. Nicodemus brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds.
John 19:40 Taking Jesus' body, the two of them wrapped it, with the spices, in strips of linen. This was in accordance with Jewish burial customs.
John 19:41 At the place where Jesus was crucified, there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb, in which no one had ever been laid.
John 19:42 Because it was the Jewish day of Preparation and since the tomb was nearby, they laid Jesus there.

Matthew 12:39 He (Jesus) answered, "A wicked and adulterous generation asks for a miraculous sign! But none will be given it except the sign of Jonah.
Matthew 12:40 For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of a huge fish, so the Son of Man will be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth."

John 19:42 Because it was the Jewish day of Preparation and since the tomb was nearby, they laid Jesus there.
This was Thursday before sunset. From sunset it was the Special Sabbath of Unleaven Bread, until sunset Friday, then followed by the normal Friday sunset to sunset Saturday afternoon Sabbath, which is also Feast of First Fruits, due to it being Passover, two consecutive Sabbaths, this year, but not always as the 10th and 14th may fall on different days of the week.

1st Day of the week.
Mark 16:1 When the Sabbaths were over. Plural in the Greek.
Luke 24:1 On the first day of the week, very early in the morning, the women took the spices they had prepared and went to the tomb.
Luke 24:2 They found the stone rolled away from the tomb,

(The soldiers were supposed to be guarding the tomb to prevent the body being stolen away so where were they? Matthew 27:65 "Take a guard" Pilot answered "Go, make the tomb as secure as you know how." As they were Roman Army soldiers they would be executed for deserting their post, so whoever removed the stone must have so terrified the soldiers that they couldn't stop them removing the stone, and they were frightened enough to desert their post and risk death. Matthew 28: 11 to 15.""you are to say, 'His disciples came during the night and stole him away while we were asleep.'" if they were asleep how would they know who stole the body? It wasn't stolen, that is why the angels came to roll the stone away. Sleeping on duty is also an automatic death penalty. I was told from a trusted source that the Greek indicates that the stone was hurled away, but I can't confirm that, but an angel moving or hurling the stone would terrify them, who else would dare to challenge the guards? Perhaps it was the two men in V 4 below.)

Luke 24:3 but when they entered, they did not find the body of the Lord Jesus.
Luke 24:4 While they were wondering about this, suddenly two men in clothes that gleamed like lightning stood beside them.
Luke 24:5 In their fright the women bowed down with their faces to the ground, but the men said to them, "Why do you look for the living among the dead?
Luke 24:6 He is not here; he has risen! Remember how he told you, while he was still with you in Galilee:
Luke 24:7 'The Son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, be crucified and on the third day be raised again.'"
Luke 24:8 Then they remembered his words.
Luke 24:9 When they came back from the tomb, they told all these things to the Eleven and to all the others.
Mark 16:9 When Jesus rose early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had driven seven demons.
Luke 24:10 It was Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and the others with them who told this to the apostles.
Luke 24:11 But they did not believe the women, because their words seemed to them like nonsense. (NIV)

Appearance of Jesus.

Luke 24:33 They got up and returned at once to Jerusalem. There they found the Eleven and those with them, assembled together
Luke 24:34 and saying, "It is true! The Lord has risen and has appeared to Simon."
Luke 24:35 Then the two told what had happened on the way, and how Jesus was recognized by them when he broke the bread.
Luke 24:36 While they were still talking about this, Jesus himself stood among them and said to them, "Peace be with you."
Luke 24:37 They were startled and frightened, thinking they saw a ghost.
Luke 24:38 He said to them, "Why are you troubled, and why do doubts rise in your minds?
Luke 24:39 Look at my hands and my feet. It is I myself! Touch me and see; a ghost does not have flesh and bones, as you see I have."
Luke 24:40 When he had said this, he showed them his hands and feet.
Luke 24:41 And while they still did not believe it because of joy and amazement, he asked them, "Do you have anything here to eat?"
Luke 24:42 They gave him a piece of broiled fish,
Luke 24:43 and he took it and ate it in their presence.
Luke 24:44 He said to them, "This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms."
Luke 24:45 Then he opened their minds so they could understand the Scriptures.
Luke 24:46 He told them, "This is what is written: The Christ will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day,
Luke 24:47 and repentance and forgiveness of sins will be preached in his name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
Luke 24:48 You are witnesses of these things.
Luke 24:49 I am going to send you what my Father has promised; but stay in the city until you have been clothed with power from on high."
Luke 24:50 When he had led them out to the vicinity of Bethany, he lifted up his hands and blessed them.
Luke 24:51 While he was blessing them, he left them and was taken up into heaven.

Which nights did Jesus spend in the tomb

The Lamb has to be chosen on the 10th, which we call Palm Sunday, and killed on the 14th, which must be Thursday, and he was put in the tomb, and then the sun set, so it was now Friday, because the Jews start their days at sunset, as in Genesis. Jesus spent Friday night, Friday daytime, Saturday night and Saturday daytime, Sunday night and then rose on Sunday daytime, before Mary got there early in the morning.

By Roman times it is Thursday night, all of Friday, all of Saturday, and rose on Sunday after sunrise. Midnight to sunrise is "morning" in our midnight to midnight Roman timing, but this doesn't work out as Jesus celebrated Passover on Thursday night before he was crucified during Thursday daytime. It only makes sense if you take it in Jewish days sunset to sunset. Refer to the tables above.


Act 2:1 When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place.
Act 2:2 Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting.
Act 2:3 They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them.
Act 2:4 All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them.
Act 2:16 No, this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel:
Act 2:17 'In the last days, God says, I will pour out my Spirit on all people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your young men will see visions, your old men will dream dreams.
Act 2:18 Even on my servants, both men and women, I will pour out my Spirit in those days, and they will prophesy.
Act 2:21 And everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.'
Act 2:38 Peter replied, "Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.

Have you been filled with the Holy Spirit?

If you have accepted Jesus as your Lord and Saviour you are entitled to Him (a person not an it) so that you can show Gods love, grace and mercy, and His power to others, healing the sick casting out evil spirits, and forgiveness of sins etc under Gods guidance.

If not then see the following web pages.

Verses     An explanation of "salvation" meaning getting on good terms with GOD, and the Bible verses needed.
Beginning      Explaining why God made the world and us, where we couldn't see the spiritual world, or Heaven, and what our aims should be in our lives.
2004     Are you having difficulty speaking in Tongues? Why there may be a spiritual blockage that keeps you from the full benefits of the Holy Spirit and from speaking in tongues, which is a very beneficial way of communicating with God's spirit for guidance and help.

If you are still feeling that the crucifixion took God by surprise, then read of the oldest prophesy sketching out what would happen to bring salvation to all mankind, since we can never keep the law perfectly.
Patriarchs God told the patriarchs, by naming the principal people, what he would do in the distant future, leaving the message hidden for believers to search out.

Why do some worship on Saturday and some on Sunday?

We celebrate on Sunday because we celebrate that Jesus rose on Sunday, bringing us Salvation and forgiving our sins! We are under God's grace, and released from the Law, but keep the law of love your neighbour and forgive those who hurt you, out of respect for God. We are still guided by the laws as how, and how not, to behave, but the law of sin and death is set aside. Had he not risen the Christian church would never have formed. Some put themselves under the Law instead of grace by celebrating on Friday night / Saturday, because that is what the Jews do. You cannot keep the law, since it was made so impossible that you would have to find some other way to qualify for entry into Heaven. Jesus gives you this entry for free, if you follow him as Lord and Saviour.   Join the winning team!

Clearing up some possible confusion

The Feast is seen mainly as the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the 15th, and First Fruits, the 16th and the Passover the 14th is included in the whole as part of the eight days of the Feast. Luke 22:7 makes it confusing, because the day of Unleavened Bread comes after the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed, but is referring in a general sense to the whole 8 days. It is just the way it is talked about in a generally social manner.

The 14th. is referred to as the Day of Preparation because you must prepare all your food for the next 2 days, no shopping, as that involves work. If you think that is extreme then consider the "Sabbath Elevators" programmed so you won't have to work by pushing a button. Also you must be rid of all leaven which puffs up, pride is a sin that puffs up. Satans pride was his downfall, and it could be yours. Passover seems to be almost overlooked because of the preparations.
The timing must be taken from specific details. Luke 22, verses 7 to 13 took place in the afternoon of the 13th, before sunset.

Luke 22:7 Then came the day of Unleavened Bread 15th on which the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed. 14th
Luke 22:8 13th until sunset Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, "Go and make preparations for us to eat the Passover."
Luke 22:9 "Where do you want us to prepare for it?" they asked.
Luke 22:10 He replied, "As you enter the city, a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him to the house that he enters,
Luke 22:11 and say to the owner of the house, 'The Teacher asks: Where is the guest room, where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?'
Luke 22:12 He will show you a large room upstairs, all furnished. Make preparations there."
Luke 22:13 They left and found things just as Jesus had told them. So they prepared the Passover.

Sunset of the 13th starts the 14th which is Passover.
In the other Gospels Jesus came AFTER sunset. on the 14th, the day He was to be crucified. The Jewish day is from sunset to sunset.

Mark 14:1 When evening came, Jesus arrived with the Twelve, ( just after sunset, so this is now the 14th).

Luke 22:14 When the hour came, Jesus and his apostles reclined at the table.
Luke 22:15 And he said to them, "I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. ( Passover must be celebrated any time on the 14th. The lamb has to be killed at twilight, and the meat is probably eaten after sunset, which is then the 15th. the Feast of Unleaven Bread Exodus 12,v6 & 8 ).
Luke 22:16 For I tell you, I will not eat it again until it finds fulfillment in the kingdom of God."
Luke 22:17 After taking the cup, he gave thanks and said, "Take this and divide it among you.
Luke 22:18 For I tell you I will not drink again from the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes."
Luke 22:19 And he took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, "This is my body given for you; do this in remembrance of me."
Luke 22:20 In the same way, after the supper he took the cup, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you.

After this they went out to the Mount of Olives, and Jesus was willingly arrested.

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